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Serving People from Arrest to Reintegration

The Collateral Effect of Incarceration of Fathers, Families and Communities

  • Organization: Council on Crime & Justice
  • Date Created: Thursday, March 01, 2007
  • Submitted: Friday, January 05, 2007
  • Attachment(s): PDF

In 2003 the Council on Crime and Justice (CCJ) received funding from the U.S. Department of Justice to study racial disparities in the Minnesota criminal justice system. Seven studies were conducted in total. Some of these studies were aimed at defining racial disparities within the criminal justice system, while others examined the collateral effects of such disparities. The following study fell into the latter category. The purpose of this study was two fold: first to examine the effects of imprisonment on the family relationship from the perspective of the fathers, along with these men's strengths and struggles during incarceration and reentry into the community; and second to examine the community dynamics and resources within a neighborhood experiencing a high concentration of prison mobility (i.e. residents either leaving for or returning from prison). The Hawthorne neighborhood in North Minneapolis was chosen for our study because of its racial diversity and high prisoner mobility. An analysis of the neighborhood was conducted from the resident's perspective in order to better understand the physical and social environment to which many previously incarcerated fathers return.