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Serving People from Arrest to Reintegration

Prison & Jail Inmates at Midyear 2005

  • Organization: US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics
  • Document Type: Report
  • Date Created: Tuesday, May 30, 2006
  • Submitted: Tuesday, May 30, 2006
  • Attachment(s): PDF | HTM
At midyear 2005 the Nation's prisons and jails incarcerated 2,186,230 persons. Prisoners in the custody of the 50 States and the Federal system accounted for two-thirds of the incarcerated population (1,438,701) inmates). The other third were held in local jails (747,529), not including persons in community-based programs. On June 30, 2005, 1,512,823 prisoners were under Federal and State jurisdiction, which includes inmates in custody and persons under the legal authority of a prison system but held outside its facilities. During the 12-month period ending June 30, 2005, the number under State jurisdiction rose 1.2%, while the number under Federal jurisdiction rose 2.9%. Montana (up 7.9%), South Dakota (up 7.8%), Minnesota (up 6.7%), and Kentucky (up 6.4%) had the largest percentage increases. Twelve States had decreases, including Vermont (-2.9%), Idaho (-2.8%), and New York (-2.5%). At midyear 2005 local jail authorities held or supervised 819,434 offenders. Nine percent of these offenders (71,905) were supervised outside jail facilities in programs such as community service, work release, weekend reporting, electronic monitoring, and other alternative programs.

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